The (Ever-Changing) List of Prime Ministers of Nepal

Nepal is a nation with a long and complex history, and its list of prime ministers is reflective of this.There have been over dozens of people who hold the position of prime minister of Nepal.

The list of prime ministers of Nepal is ever-changing, reflecting the evolution of the country’s political landscape. Since the formation of the modern Nepalese government in 1950s, the nation has seen over 40 Prime Ministers, some of whom have held office multiple times.

In this blog post, we will take a look at the different Prime Ministers that have served Nepal throughout its history.

Who Is The Prime Minister in Nepal?

The Prime Minister of Nepal is the head of government in the country and is responsible for the overall administration, policy-making, and direction of the Nepalese government.

The current Prime Minister of Nepal is Pushpa Kamala Dahal popularly known as Prachanda, who was sworn in recently on December 25, 2022. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President of Nepal and is responsible for running the day-to-day activities of the government.

He or she is also the leader of the Council of Ministers which is the highest executive body in Nepal. The Prime Minister has a significant role in the Nepalese parliament and is considered to be one of the most important political figures in Nepal.

Roles of Prime Minister in Nepal

The Prime Minister of Nepal is the head of the executive branch of the Government of Nepal. He or she is the most powerful and influential politician in Nepal and plays a crucial role in the political life of the country. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President of Nepal after being proposed by the Nepali Congress (NC) Party and approved by the Parliament.

The Prime Minister is responsible for initiating and implementing policies and overseeing their implementation as well as representing Nepal in international forums. In addition, the Prime Minister is responsible for managing cabinet meetings, appointing members to the cabinet and preparing agendas for the meetings. He or she is also responsible for appointing ambassadors, representing the interests of Nepal in international organizations, maintaining relations with foreign countries, and providing recommendations on matters related to foreign policy.

Additionally, the Prime Minister of Nepal holds responsibility for overseeing the functioning of government departments, granting promotions and determining salaries for government officials, and ensuring that government laws are followed. Furthermore, they have an important role in recommending judges to be nominated by the president and ratifying any treaties and agreements concluded between Nepal and other states.

Through these various responsibilities, the Prime Minister of Nepal has been seen as the symbol of national unity and a unifying leader for all of Nepal. As such, the Prime Minister of Nepal has a vital role in the politics of this small nation, often leading up to changes in government. From 1951 till today, there have been 28 Prime Ministers of Nepal, each holding office from short periods of time to multiple terms lasting more than a decade.

While some of these Prime Ministers remain highly regarded due to their actions, others remain mired in controversy due to allegations of corruption or other misdeeds. All Prime Ministers however, have had an impact on shaping the history of this Himalayan nation and its people, making it an ever-changing list with each new Prime Minister taking office.

List of All Prime Ministers of Nepal (1776-2022)

This blog post examines the ever-changing list of prime ministers of Nepal, from the first in 1700s up to the present day.

Before 1800s

Before 1800s, the Prime Ministers were known as Deewan. They were the head of the executive of the Kingdom of Nepal and were appointed directly by the kings.

1Vamsharaj Pande17761779
2Swarup Singh Karki17761777
3Sarbajit Rana Magar17771778
4Abhiman Singh Basnyat17851794
5Kirtiman Singh Basnyat17941801
6Bakhtawar Singh Basnyat18011803

Before Rana Era

Before the Rana Era, alongside Deewan, the Prime Ministers were known as Kaji and Mulkaji and were directly appointed by the kings.

1Damodar Pande18031804
2Rana Bahadur Shah18041806
3Bhimsen Thapa18061837
4Rana Jang Pande18371837
5Rana Nath Poudyal18371838
6Chautariya Pushkar Shah18381839
7Rana Jang Pande18391840
8Ranga Nath Poudyal18401840
9Fateh Jung Shah18401843
10Mathabar Singh Thapa18431845
11Fateh Jung Shah18451846

During Rana Era

The Rana Era in Nepal began in 1846 when Jung Bahadur Rana became the first Rana Prime Minister of Nepal.

1Jung Bahadur Rana15 September 18461 August 1856
2Bam Bahadur Kunwar1 August 185625 May 1857
3Krishna Bahadur Kunwar Rana25 May 185728 June 1857
4Jung Bahadur Rana28 June 185725 February 1877
5Ranodip Singh Kunwar27 February 187722 November 1885
6Bir Shumsher JBR22 November 18855 March 1901
7Dev Shumsher JBR5 March 190127 June 1901
8Chandra Shumsher JBR27 June 190126 November 1929
9Bhim Shumsher JBR26 November 19291 September 1932
10Juddha Shumsher JBR1 September 193229 November 1945
11Padma Shumsher JBR29 November 194530 April 1948
12Mohan Shumsher JBR30 April 194812 November 1951

During 1950s to 1960s

1Matrika Prasad Koirala16 November 195114 August 1952
2Matrika Prasad Koirala15 June 195311 April 1955
3Surya Bahadur Thapa11 April 195514 April 1955
4Tanka Prasad Acharya27 January 195626 July 1957
5Kunwar Indrajit Singh26 July 195715 May 1958
6Subarna Shamsher Rana15 May 195827 May 1959
7BP Koirala27 May 195915 December 1960

During 1960s to 19902

1Tulsi Giri2 April 196323 December 265
2Surya Bahadur Thapa23 December 196326 February 1964
3Tulsi Giri26 February 196426 January 1965
4Surya Bahadur Thapa26 January 19657 April 1969
5Gahendra Bahadur Rajbhandari7 April 196913 April 1970
6Kriti Nidhi Bista14 April 197116 July 1973
7Nagendra Prasad Rijal16 July 19731 December 1975
8Tulsi Giri1 December 197512 September 1977
9Kriti Nidhi Bista12 September 197730 May 1979
10Surya Bahadur Thapa30 May 197912 July 1983
11Lokendra Bahadur Chand12 July 198321 March 1986
12Nagendra Prasad Rijal21 March 198615 June 1986
13Marich Man Shrestha15 June 19866 April 1990
14Lokendra Bahadur Chand6 April 199019 April 1990

During 1990s to Present Day

1Krishna Prasad Bhattarai19 April 199026 May 1991
2Girija Prasad Koirala26 May 199130 November 1994
3Man Mohan Adhikari30 November 196412 September 1995
4Sher Bahadur Deuba12 September 199512 March 1997
5Lokendra Bahadur Chand12 March 19977 October 1997
6Surya Bahadur Thapa7 October 199715 April 1998
7Girija Prasad Koirala15 April 199831 May 1999
8Krishna Prasad Bhattarai31 May 199922 March 2000
9Girija Prasad Koirala22 March 200026 July 2001
10Sher Bahadur Deuba26 July 20014 October 2002
11Lokendra Bahadur Chand11 October 20025 June 2003
12Surya Bahadur Thapa5 June 20033 June 2004
13Sher Bahadur Deuba3 June 20041 February 2005
14Girija Prasad Koirala25 April 200628 May 2008
15Girija Prasad Koirala28 May 200818 August 2008
16Pushpa Kamal Dahal18 August 200825 May 2009
17Madhav Kumar Nepal25 May 20096 February 2011
18Jhala Nath Khanal6 February 201129 August 2011
19Baburam Bhattarai29 August 201113 March 2013
20Khil Raj Regmi14 March 201311 February 2014
21Sushil Koirala11 February 201412 October 2015
22KP Sharma Oli12 October 20154 August 2016
23Pushpa Kamal Dahal4 August 20167 June 2017
24Sher Bahadur Deuba7 June 201715 February 2018
25KP Sharma Oli15 February 201813 July 2021
26Sher Bahadur Deuba13 July 202125 December 2022
27Pushpa Kamal Dahal25 DecemberPresent Day


The office of Prime Minister of Nepal is a crucial and powerful post. Throughout history, the Prime Minister of Nepal has had to take on various roles, from leading the government to ensuring the country’s stability.

Over the years, Nepal has seen many different Prime Ministers come and go, each bringing their own individual flair and ideas to the table. From Jung Bahadur Rana to BP Koirala, each Prime Minister of Nepal has played an important part in shaping the history and future of this beautiful country.

Tell us in the comment box, what do you think about this list of prime ministers of Nepal.

Share On Social Media!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *