A History of Computers in Nepal in Brief

Computer technology has come a long way in Nepal since its early beginnings. The history of computers in Nepal is one that stretches back many decades.

It began with the introduction of basic computers in the late 1960s and has seen immense growth and development over the years. From the introduction of computers in Nepal in the late 1960s to their widespread use in the present day, computers have played an increasingly important role in everyday life in the country.

In this blog post, we’ll be taking a look at the history of computers in Nepal from its early beginnings to the present day. We’ll explore how computers have impacted the country, how it has been used in Nepal over the years, how they have helped to shape the country & its people, and what the future might hold for computer technology in Nepal.

From humble beginnings to the powerful technology of today, this blog post will give a comprehensive overview of the history of computers in Nepal.

Introduction of Computers in Nepal

Nepal is no stranger to technology, with the use of computers dating back to the 1960s. During this time, computers were incredibly expensive, and access was limited to wealthy individuals and businesses. In 1961, for the first time a computer device was used in Nepal. An electronic calculator named “Facit” was used for census calculation. Though it wasn’t a complete computer device, it can be refered as the first computing device in Nepal. The first computer used in Nepal was an IBM 1401 purchased by the Department of Statistics in 1971. This machine was mainly used for data processing and statistical analysis.

IBM 1401: The first computer in Nepal which was used for census calculation in 1971

The following year in 1974 AD, the Electronic Data Processing Center was established in Kathmandu which was later called as National Computer Center (NCC). Later this computer was bought by the Government for the Bureau of Statistics for further data processing.

Computer use in Nepal continued to grow throughout the 1980s and early 2000s, with the introduction of various new technologies such as personal computers, the things of internet, and mobile phones.

In 1981, a second generation mainframe computer named “ICL 2950/10” having 64 terminals was brought in Nepal with an aid of UNDP and UNFPA from England. It was bought for $2 Million dollars.

In 1982, it was followed by the introduction of several microcomputers like Apple, Vector, Sirius by many private companies and individuals in the capital of the country.

The growth was largely driven by the private sector, with a number of companies providing IT services such as software development, database management, and web design. The government also invested in IT infrastructure, with the establishment of National Computer Centres in the country. To develop the manpower of NCC, the British Government helped and introduced Degrees in Graduate, Diploma, and Post-Graduate.

Besides many private companies like Computer Consultancy, Management Information Processing System, Data System International (DSI), Dina Computers etc were established to sell computer and provide trainings to produce manpower for operating computers. Top universities of Nepal like TU and KU also started several programes for computer education in 1994 A.D. In 1997, Pokhara University also started computer education. Following this development of computer in education sector, schools and colleges also started to include computer education in their syllabus.

Today, Nepal is home to a thriving tech industry and is considered one of the most digitally advanced countries in South Asia. The number of IT professionals and computer users continues to increase every year, with new technologies such as cloud computing and artificial intelligence making their way into the country.

The Growth of Computer Uses in Nepal

The computer age in Nepal began with the introduction of the first computing device in the 1961 for census calculation. As the technology developed, more and more computers were imported from countries such as India, Japan, and Germany. By the 2000s, personal computers became widely available and affordable for many Nepalese households. This allowed people to access and explore the internet, leading to a massive growth in computer use in the country.

In 2000 AD, only 0.2% of the total population of Nepal has access to the computers and internet. In 2022, this number has reached to 38.4%. According to the reports of Date Reporter, 38.4% of the total population of Nepal are using internet in 2022.

With increasing access to the internet, Nepal saw a surge in the number of software companies and IT departments established throughout the country. This growth enabled businesses to use software tools to automate their operations, thus allowing them to become more efficient and cost effective. Furthermore, schools and universities began introducing computer classes to educate students in using these new technologies.

The growth of computer use also led to an increase in digital literacy in Nepal. Many people started learning about web design and programming, which allowed them to develop their own websites and applications. Moreover, social media platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube provided citizens with opportunities to engage in digital discourse. As a result, Nepal is now becoming more connected and computer-savvy, with a greater appreciation for technology and its potential applications.

The Impact of Computerization in Nepal

The introduction of computers to Nepal has had a profound impact on the country’s economic, social, and educational development. Computers have become an integral part of everyday life in Nepal, helping to transform the way people work, communicate, and access information.

At the most basic level, computerization has allowed Nepalis to easily access digital services such as online banking and e-commerce. This has resulted in increased access to financial services, easier transactions, and more efficient business processes.

Computerization has also impacted education in Nepal. Schools now use technology to help students learn, which has enabled them to gain new skills and stay up-to-date with the latest developments in their respective fields. The ability to access information online has made it easier for students to research topics and find reliable sources of knowledge.

Additionally, computerization has helped promote a more open society in Nepal. With the growth of the internet and social media, people are now able to express their opinions and share information more freely than ever before. This has led to an increase in public discourse on various issues and debates, leading to better understanding of different perspectives.

Overall, computerization has been a major boon for Nepal’s development in recent years. It has allowed businesses to become more efficient and enabled people to access a variety of digital services that were previously unavailable. In the future, computers will continue to play a pivotal role in advancing the nation’s progress.

Trends and Developments in Computing in Nepal

Computers have been using at different sectors in Nepal ever since its introduction for the first time in Nepal. The trend of computing has never decreased in Nepal. Instead it is likely to continue in the future. The reliance and use of digital technology in various sectors including education, healthcare, business and government sectors. This will likely help in the adoption of new technologies such as cloud computing, the Internet of Things (IoT), and artifical intelligence (AI).

Since the use of digital technology is becoming more and more widespread in Nepal, there is an increasing focus on cybersecurity and data privacy also. So, this could involve the implementation of new laws and regulations to protect personal and sensitive information as well as the development of cybersecurity best practises and training programs.

The Future of Computing in Nepal

In addition to the existing infrastructure, the Nepalese government is taking steps to make sure that everyone has access to technology. They have established the National Computer Centre, IT Park, and Computer Association of Nepal (CAN Federation Nepal), which offers free internet access to rural areas, and provides free software and hardware training to students. This program is helping create a more knowledgeable population, which will be well equipped for the modern workforce.

In the near future, we can expect to see even more advances in computer technology in Nepal. With the growth of cloud computing, artificial intelligence, and other advanced technologies, Nepalese citizens will be able to take advantage of some of the most advanced technologies available. Additionally, the country’s IT sector is expected to continue growing, as more companies are beginning to invest in Nepal.

The possibilities for growth in the future of computing in Nepal are endless. With the right investments and initiatives from the government, Nepal could become an important player in the world of technology. As the world moves further into a digital era, Nepal is sure to be at the forefront of technological advancements.

Overall, it is difficult to predict exactly how computing will develop in Nepal in the future, but it’s more likely that the country will continue to adopt and integrate new technologies as they become available.

Timeline of History of Computers in Nepal

Here is a infographic representing the brief history of computers and its development in Nepal.

timeline of history of computers in Nepal

Final Thoughts

The history of computers in Nepal is an interesting one that has been shaped by the country’s unique culture and economic situation. From the earliest days of basic personal computers to the widespread use of technology today, computerization has had a significant impact on Nepalese society.

It has enabled people to access new information and stay connected with family and friends all around the world.

However, there is still much more to be done in terms of increasing access to computers, especially in rural areas, and improving the quality of technological infrastructure.

In order for Nepal to maximize the potential of computerization, investments must be made in education, training, and communication systems. With the right investments and strategies in place, Nepal can continue to use computerization to build a better future for its citizens.

If you find this blog post interesting and informative, share it with others. Thank you for reading!


Which is the first computer in Nepal?

IBM 1401 is the first computer to be used in Nepal. It was purchased by the Bureau of Statistics in 1971 AD for the calculation of census.

What is the history of computer in Nepal?

The history of computers in Nepal is one that stretches back many decades.
It began with the introduction of basic computers in the late 1960s and has seen immense growth and development over the years.

Who is the father of computer in Nepal?

Muni Sakya is known as the father of computer in Nepal. He is Nepalese computer programmer who is credited for bringing information technology to Nepal.

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