History Of Medical In Nepal
The Education system is just introduced in Nepal as officially by the establishment of the first formal school (Durbar School) by Jung Bahadur Rana in 1853. Before its education, Nepal was only based on home-schooling and gurukuls. Only after the democracy in 1951, it was officially opened for normal citizens.
With the establishment of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) in 1972 at Tribhuwan University, medical studies officially begun in Nepal.
Currently, there are above 20 medical colleges in Nepal including both Governmental and Private sectors where mostly are affiliated with Tribhuwan University and Kathmandu University, only a few other were autonomous institute. In Nepal medical education is mostly offered under two systems :
1. Constituent School Of Universities
2. Autonomous universities like organization
Constituent School Of Universities
A college which belongs to the university and follows the curriculum and exam pattern laid down by the university is called a constituent college. Medicinae Baccalaureus Baccalaureus Chirurgiae (MBBS) is offered by Kathmandu University via its constituent school named by Kathmandu University Of Medical Sciences (KUSMS) and Tribhuwan University Institute Of Medicine, Maharajgunj Medical Campus by Tribhuwan University.
Autonomous universities like organization
A university that exercises independent control over its day-to-day operations and curriculum as opposed to a university in which the government or a government agency controls the academic programs is known as an autonomous university. Medicinae Baccalaureus Baccalaureus Chirurgiae (MBBS) is offered by the Patan Academy Of Health Sciences (PAHS) and BP Koirala Insitute of Health Sciences (BPKIHS), conducting their own entrance examination under the management of self curriculum and grading system of the MBBS program.
This course is for the duration of four and a half year integrated program with one-year compulsory internship training. The minimum time period for completing a course at Tribhuwan University is around six years which also includes internship whereas at Kathmandu University it takes five and a half years.
Local students are admitted after an entrance exam, and foreign students are admitted after an interview. To be eligible for admission to MBBS courses in Nepal’s medical colleges, students must pass the higher secondary examination in science or its equivalent. Medical education is regulated by the Medical Council of Nepal. In addition to accrediting the country’s medical colleges, the council conducts the licensing examination for new doctors, makes policies related to curriculum, admission, terms, and examinations, and makes registration recommendations.
- Students who have passed Proficiency level in Medical Science under two and a half years academic program of Tribhuwan University with Physics, Chemistry, Botany, Zoology, and English
- Or Proficiency level in general science with Physics, Chemistry, Botany, Zoology, and English (PCB and ZE)
- Should have passed Intermediate level (10+2) or Higher Secondary Education or equivalent level with PCBZE from University / Boards recognized by TU with fifty percent aggregate mark
- Need to complete all the application procedures of entrance examination and subsequently appear in the entrance exam and should compulsory pass the entrance exam conducted by IOM and then students will be selected on merit basis.
As per Tribhuwan University
The core curriculum for the MBBS program shall be composed of Basic Medical Sciences (Human Anatomy, Physiology, Biochemistry, Microbiology, Pathology, and Pharmacology) Community Medicine/Community Health Sciences, Forensic Medicine, Internal Medicine, General Surgery, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Pediatrics, Orthopedics, Psychiatry, Dermatology, Ophthalmology, Otorhinolaryngology, Anesthesiology, Radiodiagnosis, Dental Surgery, Emergency, and General Practice.
This is a small attempt from us to let you know everything related to the medical colleges in Nepal. Let us know in the comment box, in case we have missed to add anything.